A Word about the originator:
Jaipur is the capital and largest city of Rajasthan, India. Jaipur is also known as the Pink city. This city was manufactured in 1727 AD by the ruler of Amber Fort Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur. The Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra principles were taken into consideration. The city was isolated into nine rectangular segments, the two which is contained the state buildings and palaces and the remaining seven is for public. The city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales.
Sawai jai singh found time for encouraging people to study astronomy and energy for cosmic observations. The cosmic observations are made to determine the best time to start the journey and he found it very important. The work done by sawai Jai Singh still get by at Delhi, Jaipur, Varanasi, Mathura & Ujjain. The vision of sawai jai singh can be observed and felt by tourists, traveler wherever they are in Jaipur. There is lot of work done in 1727 AD which turned Jaipur into capital of Rajasthan. The splendid design, construction, planning and wall prints attract people. It represent the culture and tradition which Sawai jai singh want to be carried forward.
The Pink city was built in an organized way by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya who was educated in Sanskrit manuals on city planning and architecture. He took consideration of the Vastu-Shastra, an old structural treatise. It has nine rectangular pieces isolated by opposite streets having a market on the ground floor and workplaces or living arrangements on the floors above. The Pink City was strengthened by high dividers and doors. The same arrangement was noticed in the Indus Valley human progress which is said to have naturally aerate and cool the city. Jaipur has steadily changed into a metropolitan city, contemporary in its feel and up to date in its way of life. The rich culture of Jaipur can be made familiar with its Art, Music, Tradition, Lifestyle and Architecture. Historic monuments are very fascinating and splendid. It attracts tourist all over the world as it turns out to be the best place. The people in Rajasthan love to dance on rajasthani folk songs. Jaipur have many more famous things like fast-food chains, handicrafts, Legacy lodgings and the world’s best known brands accessible off the racks.
Tourist Attraction Spots:
The City Palace: –It is a complex in Jaipur which includes Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. This is the place where Maharaja use to seat and ruled from. It has a splendid architectural construction which is also of colour Pink. It have huge walls and gates ornately designed, the spectacular view can be captured from the palace. The construction of city palace was done in 1729 to 1732 AD by Sawai Jai Singh ll. Now it’s a museum and a tourist attraction place so that they can come and explore. The museum comprises of the uniform of the Royal Rulers, weapons and amour, beautiful handicrafts, an art gallery, carpets and other antiques. It is very attractive monument in Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar: –The founder of Jantar Mantar was Sawai Jai Singh ll who was an astronomy scholar and very progressive in his thinking with good architectural planning. He also built the first observatory in Delhi thereafter he built four more the largest one being in Jaipur which was completed in 1734 AD. It comprises of almost all of his instruments which have a greater degree of precision which can measure time, track planets, predict eclipses, movement in galaxy and stars. Almost Sixteen instruments were built in this observatory and they are well good enough in working condition.
Hawa Mahal: –It is famous and well known as “Palace of the winds” which is five story palaces and was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. It was particularly built for the queens and royal women for their residence and in curtain so not allowed to be seen or interact with strangers. It enabled them to take a glimpse over the festivals and the busy street life from behind the 953 cut- stone wired screen windows. The flow of air inside the palace is too smooth and it refreshes with all its positivity. The Maharaja was a big devotee of Lord Krishna; Hawa Mahal was built like a crown shape in the form of peacock feathers which resembles the crown of Lord Krishna.
Govind Devji Temple: –This is Hindu temple for the worship of Lord Krishna and was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who as he was a great devotee of Lord Krishna dedicated the temple to him. The construction of this temple was such that it gives a direct view from the bedroom window of Maharaja. The devotees come in large number to attend the aarti in morning and evening which purifies them and fill with positivity. There devotees dance and sing in devotional ecstasy. This is a beautiful temple that offers one a deep feeling of peace, joy and positivity.
Swargashuli/Isar Lat: –It is the highest tower on the western side of Tripolia Bazaar in Jaipur and was built by Sawai Ishwar singh in 1749 AD to honor an imperative Victory and want to be remembered by this tower.
Slam Niwas Bagh: –It gives tourists and local people an area of greenery to walk on and relax. This extensive garden house’s a historical center, zoo, nursery, herbarium and areas for games. It was built in the period of rule of Sawai Ram Singh II in the year 1868. A huge splendid structure of the Albert Hall was designed by Sir Swinton Jocob and was opened in 1887 which became a source of reference for classical Indian styles of design. The Ravindra Manch is very well known with an assembly room and outside theater.
Birla Planetarium: –A place where astrology and science is explained. Some interested people visit the Birla institute of Scientific research for acquiring knowledge. It also offers people many sky shows and audio visual educational programs.
Galtaji Temple: –It is also known as the “Monkey temple” because there is a temple in the complex called ‘Galwar Bagh Gate’ which is named after the monkeys. In India for hindu the monkey is known as “Hanuman” god, therefore Hanuman temple. The monkeys are taken care and fed by the pilgrims and locals who visit to worship. A wonderful afternoon excursion, you can ask for the “monkey man” as it is famous there for taking care of the monkeys, will assist you in feeding them and taking a close glimpse for perfect pictures & joy. If you are in the monkeys then Galta temple which is the main temple, is mainly dedicated to the sage Galav who believed to brought the springs to the region. It is very beautiful with painted murals and carvings. The Galta Kund is also visited by many spiritual seekers who believes that it never dries up and one who bathes in the water gains some positive power that also washes away all of their sins. A Brahma temple was built in 14th century and Vishnu temple dating back to the ninth century.
Royal Gaitor: –Gaitor is the word which is mispronounced form of a Hindi phrase “Gaye ka Thor” which generally means “resting place of the departed souls” or “graveyard”. This was the graveyard for the royal family and white marble tomb dedicated to different Maharajas are there. There are mainly three cenotaphs built in honor of kings after they were cremated. Different architectural designs are there for every tomb honoring them. It mostly attracts the ones who are interested in history of rulers and their architectural style after death.
Sisodia Rani Garden: –This is splendid garden which is a symbol of love built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh ll in the year 1728 for his beloved second wife Sisodia. It is about ten kilometers from Jaipur towards the Agra road, so as a fascinating place to visit bustle of the city. Many beautiful paintings and art of the Radha- Krishna love story hang there.
Amer Fort: –Well known as Amber Fort, it is one of the huge splendid forts of the world. Its construction is done high on hill so can be viewed from long distance and the outer boundary is magnificently beautiful. It was built by Raja Shri Maan Singh JI Saheb in the 16 century. It had both Hindu and Mughal architecture. He began construction of the fort and palace in 1592 out of red sandstone and marble overlooking the Maotha Lake which adds a spectacular view to this beautiful place. The fort has many entrances, exits and halls that are splendid including the Sheesh Mahal where the walls are covered in mirrored work. It is a masterpiece of pattern, murals painted with natural dyes which don’t faded over time. You can take a ride of elephants up to the fort but visit early as the elephants are being protected from the hotness during the day. They only do two rides each per day before 11am. Else if you prefer a walk on the old cobble stoned street up to the fort and enjoy the beautiful scenic beauty. Make sure you visit the “Shula Devi” temple whilst there ring the bell to the Goddess; receive a tilak and a garland from the priest.
Jaigarh Fort: –The main purpose of building it was to protect Amer fort, well known by Amber Fort. The palace is within the fort with subterranean passages connecting them and surrounded by huge battlements. The fort was built with the same red sandstone as in Amer Fort and it is wide spread out over three kilometers in length. During the Mughal dynasty, this fort was used as the empire’s main cannon foundry and to store weapons & amour. Today the tourist come to pay a visit to the museum and armory there which now houses the greatest cannon on wheels, named as “Jaivana Cannon”.
Nahargarh Fort:This fort was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh ll in 1734 and was known as “Dwelling of Tigers”. It was built around the same time as Amer and Jaigarh forts for protection for the city and as a retreat destination for the royal family. This was mostly to impress the queens and the women quarters were set up in such a way that the Maharaja could visit to any of the queens room without the others knowing. It is built in the Aravalli hills so it gives a splendid and fascinating view of the surrounding areas. This is a beautiful place to visit for the sunset or the sunrise.