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Travel Destination

Jaipur

A Word about the originator:   Jaipur is the capital and largest city of Rajasthan, India. Jaipur is also known as the Pink city. This city was manufactured in 1727 AD by the ruler of Amber Fort Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur. The Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra principles were taken into consideration. The city was isolated into nine rectangular segments, the two which is contained the state buildings and palaces and the remaining seven is for public. The city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales.   Sawai jai singh found time for encouraging people to study astronomy and energy for cosmic observations. The cosmic observations are made to determine the best time to start the journey and he found it very important. The work done by sawai Jai Singh still get by at Delhi, Jaipur, Varanasi, Mathura & Ujjain. The vision of sawai jai singh can be observed and felt by tourists, traveler wherever they are in Jaipur. There is lot of work done in 1727 AD which turned Jaipur into capital of Rajasthan. The splendid design, construction, planning and wall prints attract people. It represent the culture and tradition which Sawai jai singh want to be carried forward. The Pink city was built in an organized way by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya who was educated in Sanskrit manuals on city planning and architecture. He took consideration of the Vastu-Shastra, an old structural treatise. It has nine rectangular pieces isolated by opposite streets having a market on the ground floor and workplaces or living arrangements on the floors above. The Pink City was strengthened by high dividers and doors. The same arrangement was noticed in the Indus Valley human progress which is said to have naturally aerate and cool the city. Jaipur has steadily changed into a metropolitan city, contemporary in its feel and up to date in its way of life. The rich culture of Jaipur can be made familiar with its Art, Music, Tradition, Lifestyle and Architecture. Historic monuments are very fascinating and splendid. It attracts tourist all over the world as it turns out to be the best place. The people in Rajasthan love to dance on rajasthani folk songs. Jaipur have many more famous things like fast-food chains, handicrafts, Legacy lodgings and the world's best known brands accessible off the racks. Tourist Attraction Spots: The City Palace: - It is a complex in Jaipur which includes Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. This is the place where Maharaja use to seat and ruled from. It has a splendid architectural construction which is also of colour Pink. It have huge walls and gates ornately designed, the spectacular view can be captured from the palace.  The construction of city palace was done in 1729 to 1732 AD by Sawai Jai Singh ll. Now it’s a museum and a tourist attraction place so that they can come and explore. The museum comprises of the uniform of the Royal Rulers, weapons and amour, beautiful handicrafts, an art gallery, carpets and other antiques. It is very attractive monument in Jaipur. Jantar Mantar: - The founder of Jantar Mantar was Sawai Jai Singh ll who was an astronomy scholar and very progressive in his thinking with good architectural planning. He also built the first observatory in Delhi thereafter he built four more the largest one being in Jaipur which was completed in 1734 AD. It comprises of almost all of his instruments which have a greater degree of precision which can measure time, track planets, predict eclipses, movement in galaxy and stars. Almost Sixteen instruments were built in this observatory and they are well good enough in working condition. Hawa Mahal: - It is famous and well known as “Palace of the winds” which is five story palaces and was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. It was particularly built for the queens and royal women for their residence and in curtain so not allowed to be seen or interact with strangers. It enabled them to take a glimpse over the festivals and the busy street life from behind the 953 cut- stone wired screen windows. The flow of air inside the palace is too smooth and it refreshes with all its positivity. The Maharaja was a big devotee of Lord Krishna; Hawa Mahal was built like a crown shape in the form of peacock feathers which resembles the crown of Lord Krishna.   Govind Devji Temple: - This is Hindu temple for the worship of Lord Krishna and was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who as he was a great devotee of Lord Krishna dedicated the temple to him. The construction of this temple was such that it gives a direct view from the bedroom window of Maharaja. The devotees come in large number to attend the aarti in morning and evening which purifies them and fill with positivity. There devotees dance and sing in devotional ecstasy. This is a beautiful temple that offers one a deep feeling of peace, joy and positivity. Swargashuli/Isar Lat: - It is the highest tower on the western side of Tripolia Bazaar in Jaipur and was built by Sawai Ishwar singh in 1749 AD to honor an imperative Victory and want to be remembered by this tower.  Slam Niwas Bagh: - It gives tourists and local people an area of greenery to walk on and relax. This extensive garden house’s a historical center, zoo, nursery, herbarium and areas for games.  It was built in the period of rule of Sawai Ram Singh II in the year 1868. A huge splendid structure of the Albert Hall was designed by Sir Swinton Jocob and was opened in 1887 which became a source of reference for classical Indian styles of design.  The Ravindra Manch is very well known with an assembly room and outside theater. Birla Planetarium: - A place where astrology and science is explained. Some interested people visit the Birla institute of Scientific research for acquiring knowledge. It also offers people many sky shows and audio visual educational programs. Galtaji Temple: - It is also known as the "Monkey temple” because there is a temple in the complex called ‘Galwar Bagh Gate’ which is named after the monkeys. In India for hindu the monkey is known as “Hanuman” god, therefore Hanuman temple. The monkeys are taken care and fed by the pilgrims and locals who visit to worship. A wonderful afternoon excursion, you can ask for the “monkey man” as it is famous there for taking care of the monkeys, will assist you in feeding them and taking a close glimpse for perfect pictures & joy. If you are in the monkeys then Galta temple which is the main temple, is mainly dedicated to the sage Galav who believed to brought the springs to the region. It is very beautiful with painted murals and carvings. The Galta Kund is also visited by many spiritual seekers who believes that it never dries up and one who bathes in the water gains some positive power that also washes away all of their sins. A Brahma temple was built in 14th century and Vishnu temple dating back to the ninth century.  Royal Gaitor: - Gaitor is the word which is mispronounced form of a Hindi phrase “Gaye ka Thor” which generally means “resting place of the departed souls” or “graveyard”. This was the graveyard for the royal family and white marble tomb dedicated to different Maharajas are there. There are mainly three cenotaphs built in honor of kings after they were cremated. Different architectural designs are there for every tomb honoring them. It mostly attracts the ones who are interested in history of rulers and their architectural style after death.  Sisodia Rani Garden: - This is splendid garden which is a symbol of love built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh ll in the year 1728 for his beloved second wife Sisodia. It is about ten kilometers from Jaipur towards the Agra road, so as a fascinating place to visit bustle of the city. Many beautiful paintings and art of the Radha- Krishna love story hang there. Amer Fort: - Well known as Amber Fort, it is one of the huge splendid forts of the world. Its construction is done high on hill so can be viewed from long distance and the outer boundary is magnificently beautiful. It was built by Raja Shri Maan Singh JI Saheb in the 16 century. It had both Hindu and Mughal architecture. He began construction of the fort and palace in 1592 out of red sandstone and marble overlooking the Maotha Lake which adds a spectacular view to this beautiful place. The fort has many entrances, exits and halls that are splendid including the Sheesh Mahal where the walls are covered in mirrored work. It is a masterpiece of pattern, murals painted with natural dyes which don’t faded over time.  You can take a ride of elephants up to the fort but visit early as the elephants are being protected from the hotness during the day. They only do two rides each per day before 11am. Else if you prefer a walk on the old cobble stoned street up to the fort and enjoy the beautiful scenic beauty. Make sure you visit the “Shula Devi” temple whilst there ring the bell to the Goddess; receive a tilak and a garland from the priest. Jaigarh Fort: - The main purpose of building it was to protect Amer fort, well known by Amber Fort. The palace is within the fort with subterranean passages connecting them and surrounded by huge battlements. The fort was built with the same red sandstone as in Amer Fort and it is wide spread out over three kilometers in length. During the Mughal dynasty, this fort was used as the empire’s main cannon foundry and to store weapons & amour. Today the tourist come to pay a visit to the museum and armory there which now houses the greatest cannon on wheels, named as “Jaivana Cannon". Nahargarh Fort: This fort was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh ll in 1734 and was known as “Dwelling of Tigers”. It was built around the same time as Amer and Jaigarh forts for protection for the city and as a retreat destination for the royal family. This was mostly to impress the queens and the women quarters were set up in such a way that the Maharaja could visit to any of the queens room without the others knowing. It is built in the Aravalli hills so it gives a splendid and fascinating view of the surrounding areas. This is a beautiful place to visit for the sunset or the sunrise.

Jodhpur

About founder: An outstanding warrior and chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs, Rao Jodha between 1415 -1488 AD occupies a Special place in the annals of Rajput history. After his crowning in 1458 AD at Mandore, he laid the foundation of new city to the south and named it as Jodhpur. An organized strategy was made on the east-West trading route between central Asia and China. Jodhpur is a city with numerous rampart and tower and is the second largest city of Rajasthan. The boundary of the empire and son’s kingdom was extended after the death of Rao Jodha in 1488 AD. The extension was from the Aravalis in the south to Hissar in the north, brushing the borders of Jaisalmer in the west. Jodhpur is one of the beautiful cities of Rajasthan. This region was earlier known as Marwar also have Bikaner and Jaisalmer as part of the desert Triangle. It is fascinating that it originally belonged to the Rathore of Kanauj (now in modern Uttar Pradesh) who shifted after the city was dismissed by Mohammed Ghori in 1193 AD. The Rathore’s kept on shifting capitals until Rao Jodha. They claimed to be a descendent of Lord Rama- the God King Founded Jodhpur in 1459 AD. He also built the massive Mehrangarh Fort which crowns a hilltop and is the main attraction as it can be seen from many parts of the city. One of the Rao Jodha’s sons, named Rao Bika established his own kingdom known as bikaner. A distinguished warrior Rao Ganga Singh of Jodhpur (1516-32 AD) collaborated with Rana Sanga of Mewar to fight Babar-the Founder of the Mugal dynasty. Akbar the great is very famous in history as he was finally successful in winning over the rulers of Jodhpur, who became trusted lieutenants of the Mughal emperors. Later Jodhpur became a renowned centre of art, craft and culture under the Mughal influence. Jodhpur for the some short period came under the influence of the Maratha’s and finally fell into the hands of the British in 1818 AD. WHAT TO VISIT: GIRDIKOT AND SARDAR MARKET: Sparkling with activity in the colorful bazaar, near the clock tower is the best-loved with shoppers. It has some narrow lanes dotted with tiny shops selling a range of exquisite Rajasthan textiles, antiques, handicrafts, clay figurines of camels and elephants, marble curios with inlay work and many more things. GOVERNMENT MUSEUM: This museum snuggles amid Umaid Public Garden which houses a rich collection of exhibits miniature paintings, portraits of ruler’s manuscripts, amour, textiles, arts and crafts and images of Jain Tirthankaras. Umaid Public Garden also houses a zoo which is quite famous. JASWAN THADA: This is the imposing cluster of white marble royal cenotaphs which was built in 1899AD in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. It houses many portraits of Successive ruler’s. The Four cenotaphs here honor notable acts of bravery and generosity of the four successive rulers. MAHAMANDIR TEMPLE:  Mahamandir means a great Temple which is a consecrate spot where tranquility reigns supreme. It is situated on Mandore road. This temple is a splendid architectural wonder which is supported by 84 pillars, decorated with detailed designs and figures depicting various postures of Yoga. The entire massive structure is marked by unique style. MEHRANGARH FORT: This is a huge splendid fort which is set on a high hill and was built by Rao Jodha in 1459AD after shifting from Mandore. It is built high on rampart so the houses are built on the slope of rampart; it overlooks the rugged rocky terrain that houses a palace, built by red sandstone. The residence within the Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana show their own magic with grace and dignity. There is a varied collection of cradles, miniature paintings of various school, palanquins, howdah, royal folk music instruments, costumes, furniture and an impressive armory. The displays of cannons are on the ramparts which are near Chamunda temple. ORIENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE:  It is an fascinating Art Gallery established to explore, collect , preserve, edit and publish the ancient literature of Rajasthan. SANGEET NATAK ACADEMY: This academy is a museum with very well known unique collection of musical instruments. THE HERITAGE AIR FORCE MUSEUM: This museum is splendid, fascinating and a place which is definitely worth visiting. UMAID BHAWAN PALACE: It was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh. It is named after him, this rich palace is also known as Chittar Palace because of the local Chittar sandstone used in its construction. It is a great example of Indo-Colonial art deco style of the 30’s. An amazing feature of this palace is that the hand-chiseled sandstone blocks have been combined together in a special system of interlocking there is no mortar binding which makes it look more attractive for tourists. A portion of this palace has been converted into a hostel and the remaining is for the tourists with an museum, which houses model of aero planes, antique weapons and armory, clocks and bob watches, priceless crockery and hunting trophies. Both sections retain the ambience of royal splendor. DHAWA (DOLI) FOREST AREA: It is situated on the barmer road which have a teeming wildlife. Doli attracts people for an irresistible adventure. Black Indian antelopes of varied Species can be noticed here in large numbers roaming free and almost mingling with the Bishnoi Village. KAILANA LAKE: It is located on Jaisalmer road. This is small artificial lake good for picnic spot. It is somewhat like a canvas with a splash of romantic colours. The glimpse taken here is never forgettable and will become a great memory. Boating facilities are also available through R.T.D.C. MANDORE GARDEN: Mandore was the capital of Marvar before the foundation of Jodhpur by Rao Jodha. It is splendid with its extensive garden made of high rock terraces. The highlight of this place is from the “Hall of Heroes’” which houses sixteen massive figures chiseled out of a single rock. The statues are either of Popular Hindu deities or Famous folk deities. The royal cenotaphs of Jodhpur rulers are built on a high plinth crowned with soaring steeple and ornate carving are amongst the other well known attractions of Mandore. The popular of all cenotaphs, are the ones that are built in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh and Maharaja Ajit Singh. OSIAN: This is an ancient town of the Thar Desert which was a successful trading centre between the periods of 8th to 12th centuries. It is the spot with sixteen brahamanical and Jain temples beautifully chiseled and designed. Most of these have stood the onslaught of time. The largest functional temples are Sachchiya Mata temple and Mahavir Jain temple. This medieval town is surrounded by rows of sand dunes on its western end. While in Osian tourist take a glimpse of lovely sunsets and enjoy camel rides in evening. An overnight stay at Nevera Village is comfortable and joyful with the people. PHALODI – KHICHAN (135KM): A drive through the countryside 75Kms beyond Osian, escort you to Phalodi. This city is richly sculpted with havelis’ and temples. Nearby lays the villages of Khichan which is a regular host to the flocks of demoiselle cranes (locally Kurjan). They come in thousands of number due to the friendly conditions and protection is given by the villagers. Their duration of stay is about 5 to 6 months and after which they go back to their breeding grounds. BAL SAMAND LAKE & GARDEN:  It is about 7 kms away and comprises of a pretty lake with a pleasure or summer palace on its banks. It was constructed around the artificial lake constructed in 1159 A.D. The gardens which give a spectacular view were developed later. GUDA BISHNOI (25 KM) : These are pristine kept villages by the Bishnoi community faithful believers for the sanctity of plant and animal life.

Udaipur

About Founder Rana Udai Singh Rana Udai Singh is defined as scuffle, faith and a sense of eternal. These were the main factors that have been gone through the mind of Rana Udai Singh who founded Udaipur in 1559 AD. He was driven from his fort by the armies of Emperor Akbar then also Rana rose again. He chose the fertile valley between Chittorgarh and Kumbhalgarh to build a new city Udaipur which is famous as the city of Lakes. Today Udaipur nestles in a scenic beauty ringed by the Aravali and is one where you can still see the glory of past. UDAIPUR:  Chittaur falls when Udai Singh dies in 1572 A.D which is to be succeeded by the Pratap Singh I who later ascended the throne of Mewar at Gogunda. The Mughal Emperor, Akbar who had already extended his supreme power over the whole of Rajputana. He demanded an acknowledgement from the newly crowned Pratap Singh I. Akbar even sent three missions to Maharana Pratap’s court to establish his position in his regard as the supreme. Maharana Pratap refused the offer only to face Akbar’s wrath. Throughout his period of rule between 1572- 97 AD, Maharana Pratap was up well prepared for the fight with the Mughal force. In 1615 A.D. peace prevailed at last and a treaty was signed between pratap’s son and Rana Amar Singh. Rana met prince Khurram to bring peace. Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar and by accepting British rule in 1818 A.D. In 1947, India got independence and the state merged with the republic of India. Udaipur is today a city of pleasant lakes, splendid palaces and of fascinating gardens. The Mewar School originated and nurtured some of the world’s most remarkable miniature paintings and craft work. Attractive places: AHAR: Timings: 1000 to 1700 hrs It is the ancient capital of the Sisodias who built the Kindom of Mewar. The Royal Cenotaphs of the Maharanas was built with white marble encircle the sacred tank of Gangobhar Kund. There is a museum here containing the excavations from Ahar including earthen pots and iron objects which are fascinating archaeological of historical importance. BAGORE KI HAVELI: Timings: 1000 to 1900 hrs It is situated on the bank of Lake Pichola and incorporating the awesome Gangaur Ghats. The prime minister of Mewar built this Haveli in the second half of the 18th century. A cultural program is held every evening at 7.00 pm and is organized especially for tourists known as ‘DHAROHAR’. Currently it is a cultural museum which is under West Zone Cultural centre.   BHARTIYA LOK KALA MANDAL: Timings: 0900 to 1700hrs. A Museum of ornaments, puppets, masks, dolls, folk arts, displays a rich collection of folk dresses, folk musical instruments and paintings. It has a special section devoted to tribal art. The world’s renowned puppeteers of Udaipur custodians of an ancient tradition regularly arrange splendid shows here. Daily at 6 pm special folk cultural programs for tourist is organized this is worth visiting as it attracts with glorious beauty. CITY PALACE: Timings: 0930 to 1630 hrs. It is one of the largest palace complexes in Rajasthan. The construction of city palace was started by Udai Singh. The white marble is the architectural marvel standing majestically on a hill surrounded by crenellated walls. This is a massive palace of around 30.4 meters high and 244 meters long. The extension was done by late rulers but it is quite well planned and integrated that it is hard to say that it was not conceived as a complete structure. The entrance to the palace is from ‘Hathi Pol’ (Elephant Gate) along the main street of the old city. The ‘Bara Pol’ or Great Gate takes you into the first court leading to the tripolia Gate which has eight carved marbles ‘Torans’ or Archways which is astonishing. Here, the eye catches the Suraj Gokhada (Balcony of the Sun) where the ‘Suryavanshi’s’ (descendants of the Sun God) the problems were already sorted by the Maharana’s of Mewar for the people. The Mor Chowk takes its name from the amazing colour glass mosaics of peacocks which furnish the walls. The Chini Chitrashala is also a attractive place with its blue and white ceramics. The wall painting of Lord Krishna’s life at Bhim Vilas Palace seeks great attention. The other palaces which attracts are Moti Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Dilkhush Mahal and Krishna Mahal. A Government Museum in city palace is very rich in artifacts which worth visiting. FATEH SAGAR LAKE:   This is a wonderful lake lying to the north of and connected by a small canal with Lake Pichhola. This was originally built by Maharana Jai Singh in 1678 AD because of excessive rains in Udaipur. The old dam was washed away and Maharana Fateh Singh built the new present embankment. Crystal gallery, handicrafts, vintage car collection and light & sound show at Manak Chowk City Palace integrates more attention for tourists. JAG MANDIR: This is one of the oldest water palaces, which was built by Rana Jagat Singh I in 1620 AD. The main purpose was to serve asylum to the Mughal Prince Kurram, while in rebel against father Jehangir. Prince Khurram laid the foundation stone of the big dome in this building. It is also the place where European families were accommodated by Maharana Sarup Singh during the 1857AD. Fergusson wrote “indeed, I know of nothing that will bear comparison with the two island palaces anywhere. Boat trips are also available from Bansi ghat which gives a spectacular view. GULAB BAGH: It is also known as ‘Rose Garden’. This was built by Maharana Sajjan Singh and is situated near the palaces. In the days of past courts were held here. A small zoo and toy train is integrated attraction for children.   LAKE PALACE (JAG NIWAS): Better famed by the name lake Palace. This palace is huge and splendid which fascinates the tourist. The mere sight of this white wonder rising from the turquoise water of Lake Pichola is like nightmare. This palace is a pleasure place for Maharana Jagat Singh II and was built by him in 1746 AD. It is famed because it is one of the most beautiful and attractive creation of man. Today the lake Palace is converted to a five-star heritage hotel. SAHELIYON KI BARI: ‘Saheliyon ki Bari’ was set down for a group of forty-eight young women attendants who escort a princess to Udaipur as part of her dowry. The gardens was set on the embankment of the Fateh Sagar Lake which have beautiful lotus pools, romantic view, marble pavilions and elephant-shaped fountains are fed by the water of the lake gushing through ducts made for the purpose. The ambience of this place is geared up with the mingling sound of water. MANIKYA LAL VERMA PARK (Dudh Talai): This is an impressive park located on the hills know as “Machla Margo”. This Palace is famous for its sunset view and Musical foundation. A small pond known as Dudh Talai is also situated down the hill which is a good tourist attraction. The Place abounds in scenic beauty. SAJJAN GARH:  In the days of yore, it was an astronomical centre. Later on it became a monsoon palace and hunting lodge. It gives a breathtaking view of the Mewar countryside. This palace is also famed for its sunset view and wildlife sanctuary. PRATAP MEMORIAL (Moti Magri) :  The Maharana Pratap statue is fascinating and attractive as it is made up of one of the precious thing bronze. This statue of Maharana Pratap sitting on his horse known as Chetak, it stands at the top of Moti Magri overlooking Fateh Sgar. Local People ascend the hill to pay homage to Rana historical battle of Haldighati. The Light & sound show glows up this place and make it worth visiting. EKLINGJI: It was built in 734 AD which is a complex of 108 temples with steps leading down to a water tank (Kund). These temples are exquisitely carved out of sandstone and marble which are devoted to Lord Shiva and the family deity of the Mewar rulers. It has an ornate ‘Mandap’ or pillared hall which hindu people make during wedding. The shade of the huge pyramid call roof is composed of hundred knots or more. The shrine sanctorum has a four-faced image of Eklingji. Outside the main face, there is a large statue of Bappa Rawal standing beside ‘Nandi’ the Lord Shiva’s bull. HALDIGHATI:  This is known as historic battlefield where Maharana Pratap Fought Akbar the Great in 1576 AD. The rich cenotaph here is made with delicate white marble columns and is dedicated to the unbeatable Maharana Pratap’s Loyal Horse, named Chetak. Haldighati Museum is worth visiting because of lot of history behind it. The Museum entertains tourist with a light & sound show reflecting the life of Maharana Pratap and the big battle of Halldighati. JAISAMAND LAKE:  This is the second largest artificial lake in Asia and was built in the 17th century by Maharaja Jai Singh. The Graceful marble Chhatris glows up the embankment. The very attractive Hawa Mahal and Roothi Rani Ka Mahal both are located on the hilltops, used to be a winter capital of Maharanas in Udaipur. On the other sides are summer palaces includes Bhils and also it inhabit Sanctuary which makes an exciting excursion. The key fauna of the sanctuary are the panthers, deer, four-horned antelope, mongoose, wild boar and various other species of birds.

Bikaner

About founder: Rao Bikaji was the one who was taking initiative amongst the sons of Rao Jodhaji, the ruler of Mewar. The prince was determined in his own destiny besides the struggle for his paternal inheritance was not likely to bear fruit. Rao Bikaji assembled a force of young warriors who were willing to take on the hazards of the desert. At Deshnok, he took the blessings from the goddesses of the mystic Karniji. Karniji blessed him and also prophesied his victory. Moving to the desert tract of Junglu he took possession of villages abandoned by the Sankhlas and started expanding his domain. The foundation of this city of Bikaner was laid in 1488 AD and was encircled by imposing breathtaking battlements and stands at a slight eminence. The regal fortified city of Bikaner possesses a timeless appeal. The charm is still retained in the integral part of the Desert Triangle. It is said that Rao Bika use to have walk out of durbar of Jodhpur with his father advising him. Then he proceeds to take a look on  100 horsemen, 500 foot soldiers and then finally reaches the desert tract of Janglu where he started extending his empire and around 84 villages abandoned by Sankhlas is come under his empire. He died in 1504 AD and his kingdom was extended over 3000 villages. During the rule of Emperor Akbar in the 16th century, the ruler of Bikaner became a close to the Mughals. In 1818 AD, Maharaja Surat Singh negotiated a treaty with the British and Bikaner became a protectorate of the empire. Bikaner underwent a drastic change under its famous ruler- Maharaja Ganga singh (1880 -1943 AD). He also promoted the Ganga Canal Project which converted to large tracts of desert-land into rich farmland and helped many people. His contribution was also for the railway lines in the state for easy accessibility. Bikaner is famed for its school of Miniature paintings and crafts. The Paintings are a furnished blend of the Rajput and Mughal styles.  PLACES TO VISIT: JUNAGARH: The general of Mughal emperor Raja Rai Singh (1517-1611 AD) have done tremendously well during his duty and built this imposing fort. It is contains palaces made of red sandstone and marble. It was encircled by moat and it became a very famous tourist attraction later. Suraj pol also popularly known as the Sun Gate, which is the main entrance to the fort and its quite high craved. Har Mandir is the place where the royal weddings were held also births were celebrated.   The palaces are full of history and with proper planning by the rulers so it attracts the explorers to visit places like this which are Dungar Niwas, Ganga Niwas, Anup Mahal, Karan Mahal and Rang Mahal or Palace of Pleasure.  Some of the huge splendid palaces are Chandra Mahal or the Mood Palace is more detailed and decorated with inset mirror work. These palaces were built by Maharaja Gaj Singh between periods of his rule from 1746 to 1787. The Palaces glows up with gigantic columns, arches and graceful screens. The front door or view of these monuments visible high above ground gives most attractive view of gates, pavilions protruding out, arrow of balconies, kiosks and towers at intervals. LAL GARH PALACE:  This palace was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh to honor his father Maharaja Lal Singh. This palace was also built by red sandstone which was very famous in medieval period also cravings on the walls and gates which made it look more spectacular.  You can also come across some very splendid collection of old photographs, paintings and trophies of wildlife which is well preserved and exhibited in the old banquet hall. The beautiful weather here glows up this palace and also the breathtaking dance of peacocks which cheers everything up. GANGA GLODEN JUBILEE MUSEUM:  People here consider this as the best museum in Rajasthan which have a amazing collection. There are very excellent examples of Harappan civilization, the Gupta & Kushan era and sculptures of the past classical time. It houses a great collection of wall paintings, terracotta, pottery, carpets, sceneries, armory and coins. There is another distinct section for arts and craft of this region. GARDENS AND PARKS: The nature here is good all because of these beautiful parks in city Ratn bihari Temple Park, Laxmi Park, Ganga Mahal Public Park, Nathji Park and also you can visit zoo in the Ganga Niwas Public Park. All these places deserve inclusion in the itinerary. BHANDASAR JAIN TEMPLES: This temple is 5 Km far from the city which was built in 16th century and was dedicated to the 23rd Tvithankara Parsvanathji. CAMEL BREEDING FARM: A visit to camel breeding farm will be amazing and is 8 km away from this city. It is one of its kinds in India because all over India it is only in Rajasthan. It is take care of and managed by the Central Government. Bikaner Camal Corps (Former Ganga Risala) was a famous fighting force which still plays an important role for any war in desert or defence  through the Border security Force ( B. S .F). DEVI KUND:  It is 9 kms from Bikaner. It is also well known area where royal crematorium with several cenotaphs. Different styles are used for distinct rulers like some made of decorated chhatris. It is mostly to keep memory of the rulers of the Bika dynasty. Maharaja Suraj Singh’s Chhatri is built completely with white marble and with some spectacular Rajput paintings on its ceiling. GAJNER WILDIFE SANCTURAY: This wildlife sanctuary is 32 Km from Bikaner and is on Jaisalmer road. This sanctuary is famous for a number of nilgai or the blue bull, Chinkara, black buck, wild boar and flocks of imperial sand. The Gajner Palace inside it is a summer resort of the kings which is on the banks of a lake. It is now been converted into a hotel for tourists.   DESHNOK KARNI MATA TEMPLE: This temple is very famous all over India. It is 30 Kms from Bikaner. This amazing temple is devoted to Karni Mata, an incarnation to Durga Mata. The Temple is heaven as it has rats; they are believed to be incarnated as future bards. Thus the rats considered to be holy and allowed to roam freely in the temples precincts. The white rats inside it glows the beauty of this temple. Maharaja Ganga Singh donated this temple intricately carved and poised designed massive silver doors.

Jaisalmer

About founder:   Rawal Jaisal is a Bhatti Rajput who laid the foundation of this city Jaisalmer in 1156 AD.  Previously Trikuta hill was chosen for the site of new city. Rawal Jaisal forsaken his old fort at Ladurva and established this new capital. The Bhati Rajputs relative Ranjeet Singh Bhati was feudal chief who commanded off forced levy on the caravans that crossed their empire en-route to Delhi or Sind. These caravans were loaded with precious cargo of spices and silk which brought great wealth to this town. Jaisalmer is a remote location so for many years remained untouched by British. The Rulers of Jaisalmer signed the last treaty with the British.   Jaisalmer is a glory of faded when sea trade replaced the old land routes. There are many good qualities of this city still left which glows it up and attracts tourist. The narrow streets in the walled city preserve a traditional way of life the craftsmen of weaving and stone carving, the making of antique silver jewellery and embroideries and camel ride.  The leisure is for a walk through city Jaisalmer savoring the glory of the old Rajasthan which is very splendid rewarding travel experience. Winter is the perfect time for Jaisalmer. Jaisalmer Desert Festival is quite famous and celebrated in January/February is a must on any itinerary. The deserts seem to blooms in thousand colours. There are camel races, folk dances, Craft bazaars and traditional ballad singing and a light sound show which is spectacle on the sand-dunes of Sam on the day of full moon night. Tourists Attraction: THE FORT: The golden honed Jaisalmer Fort or Sonar kella can be seen from several miles way before reaching the town. The Fort ascends 30 meters over the city and houses an entire living area within its huge ramparts which increases the view from the fort. Leisure is for walking through the narrow lanes which gives an amazing experience worth savoring. It is approached through Suraj Pol, Bhoota Pol, Ganesh Pol & Java Pol. There are many beautiful haveli’s within the fort and a group of Jain Temples dating from 12th to the 15th Centuries. MANAK CHOWK AND HAVELI’S: The exterior of this fort is a main market place called Manak Chowk which is the centre of local activity. The leisure can be spend by taking walk through the street on Manak chowk and can lead to famous carved Haveli’s. Each Haveli’s archeological style is different and attractive.   GADISAR LAKE: This is a rain water lake formed from rain. But now it’s a picnic spot which is best for boating and it gives a great experience. On the banks of this lake there are many holy places and you can see many species of birds. TAZIA TOWER:  The Tazia Tower rises from BADAL Mahal which is a pagoda. Tazias are ornately decorated by bamboo, crafts, paper and tinsel replicas of a bier carried in process during Mohurram by the Muslims. HAVELI’S: Jaisalmer is famed for its complicated detailed haveli’s which is latticed and can be viewed from conspicuous facades. NATHMAlJI Ki HAVELI: This is the example of true beauty shown by two brothers in the 19th century; the complex huge architecture in stone is the personification of skill and beauty. The miniature Painting adorn the interior walls and seeks attention quickly. PATWON KI HAVELI: This is five storey haveli with extensive corridors and chambers all supported by exquisitely carved pillars. It is one of the largest and most detailed Haveli in Jaisalmer. SALIM SINGH KI HAVELI: It is different from other haveli as it has a blue cupola roof. The haveli is covered with yellow stones with intricate carving which make it more beautiful. It has an elaborate projecting balcony adorning the top storey. JAIN TEMPLES: It is within the fort complex. It integrates the beauty of fort and each Jain temple is dedicated to different god like Rishabdev, Sambhavnath & Parswanath the Jain Thirthankars. GYAN BHANDAR or LIBRARY: It was established as a part of Jain temples which gives peace and later on it is converted to library which contains some of the oldest manuscripts found in India. LUDRUWA: It is 16 Kms away from the ancient capital of Jaisalmer. This is an important centre of Jain pilgrimage. ‘Toran’ or the ornate arch at the main entrance of the Jain temple make its entry look rich and cheer’s up the religious people. WOOD FOSSIL PARK, AKAL: The fossils at the park are around 180 million years old. It is attractive for all age groups as carbon dating is done and then found out as how much year old it is. Timings: 8 am to 6.00 pm. SAM SAND DUNES: It is very famous sand dunes and is 42 Km from Jaisalmer. The magic of the golden Sam Sand Dunes encourages the tourists to ride by the dunes on camel back to get a good feel of the desert.   DESERT NATIONAL PARK: The desert national Park is 45 kms from Jaisalmer. The rolling landscape of sand dunes and scrub covered hills gives you a spectacular panoramic view. There are different varieties of wildlife found which include blackbuck and some great Indian Deer, bustard, chinkara, desert fox etc. AMAR SAGAR: it is very near to Jaisalmer. This is an amazing place where besides lake there are mango and other fruit trees. Delicately carved Jain Temples enhance a great aura to this place. MOOL SAGAR: Mool Sagar is quite famous near Jaisalmer. Because of miracle in summer this place is cool, shady grove which belonged to the former rulers of Jaisalmer and attracts the tourist by its natural beauty.

Pushkar

About the founder: The people in India believe that there are four principal pilgrim centers namely, Badrinath, Janannath, Rameshwaram and Dwarka. It is also believed that it would bear fruit unless one bathes in the holy water of Pushkar. Padma Purana detailed describe the origin and importance of this lake. The main part of it says that Brahma the only Creator of the Universe was once scrutinizing the best suitable spot on earth to perform a Yajna. The lotus fell from his hand and rebounding struck the earth at three places within a area of 9 Kms. These three places started giving water out from land and the Creator called all these three as Pushkar (lotus) and distinguishing them as Kanishtha (younger), Madhya (central) and Jyeshtha (elder).  According to the religious people there they believed that he performed the Yajna at Jyeshtha Pushkar from Kartik Shukla Ekadashi to Purnima. Devotees come in large number for taking bath in this holy water and clear all their sins. Bathing on the last day which is Purnima night (full moon night) confers special blessing. A cattle fair is very famous all over the world. People assemble here for this occasion where animals like camels and horses are also bought and sold. In the recent years as it started growing an exclusive accommodation for Tourist is erected for their joyful visit. Camel race is also held and some other organized cultural programmes are held displaying them and making them familiar with the Rajasthani way of life and culture. Pushkar has 52 bathing Ghats and many temples, some big and small. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS: Hot Air Ballooning in Pushkar: - The best time to visit Pushkar for Hot Air Ballooning is at the time of Pushkar Fair, when the weather is very pleasant. It has Ghats and Mela grounds bustling with amazing activities of both men and beast. Winter months also provide the most suitable conditions for hot Air ballooning, though ballooning is only offered between Septembers to March in India. The spectacular view of Pushkar fair can be taken when you are on the ride of hot air balloon. Bhati tours will arrange Hot Air Ballooning at Pushkar for guests who have booked their India Tours through them. Camel Safari: - Tourists come to explore the terrains of the Great Indian Thar Desert by using camels. The Aravalli’s are one of the world's largest and oldest mountain ranges. Pushkar is surrounded by beautiful hills, sandy fields, and small dunes and offers a lot of opportunities for taking a glimpse of spectacular view of sunset and sunrise. The camel safaris in Pushkar will take you to destinations where you will come to small villages along the way and get familiar with village folk go about their life. During their crop harvesting it gives a great experience. Camel safaris can also be enjoyed at Bikaner and Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. Pushkar Lake: - The amazing lake in Pushkar is the greatest attraction for youths and tourists. There is a very interesting history behind it so the people who are more interested in it travel there to explore more. Water of this lake is holy and considered sacred like the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet. Pushkar is the only place in the world where temple of Lord Brahma is there. Legend Lord Brahma is the creator of the universe when a lotus dropped from his hand into the valley and a lake emerged there at three places The Pushkar Lake is surrounded by many important Hindu temples. Pushkar Lake has .52 Ghats where pilgrims descend to the lake to bath in its holy water which is believed that it washes all the sins.   Brahma Temple: - According to Indian mythology, lord Brahma is the creator of the universe and the Pushkar Lake is dedicated to him. It is believed that Brahma performed penance here for 60,000 years. Pushkar have many temples on the banks. The most famous among all the Brahma Temple is not because of its amazing architecture or style but it’s all because of it is dedicated to Lord Brahma. It brings all the Hindu religious people to this place.  The temple has a tall Red painted which is very similar to other with Indian temple architecture and styles. The marble patterned floor of this temple glows up the inside of this temple. The miracle marble have is that in summer it still remains cold. There is also a silver turtle (Kurma) on the floor of temple, According to the Hindu mythology during the great mingling of oceans by the god and demons to produce the Amrit “The Ambrosia of Eternal Life”. The Brahma idol is resident in Garbha Griha or the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. There is Four Headed Statue of Brahma which was installed by Maharaja Jai Singh -II of Jaipur in 1727. Savitri Temple: - This is built high on the hill Ratnagiri which is the highest hill around the Pushkar Lake. It is devoted to Savitri who is the estranged wife of Lord Brahma. The temple houses a statue of the Goddess Savitri who was Brahmas first wife. She was greatly annoyed with Brahma who took Gayatri as his second wife to perform a Yagna. According to legend, she doomed him never will he be worshiped by anyone else. Later on both the wives resolved their differences and thought for boons for their husband. Women devotees believe that praying here will come true and worship for long life of their husbands. Varaha Temple: - The Varaha temple is the largest and the most attractive ancient temple at Pushkar. Varaha the Boar is believed as a third avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Varaha rescued the earth from depths of the ancient water which was dragged down by demons. Currently the temple was under renovation by the Hada Rao Chatrasal of Bundi. The original temple and the Idol of the deities destroyed repeatedly by the armies of Ghazni, then after by Jehangir and Aurangzeb.

Delhi

About the founder: Delhi or Dilli is a happening city which reflects the perfect combination of modern and traditional architectures. It is the capital city of the Republic India. Delhi is the main center of Government's legislature and judiciary system. Delhi is declared as a special status under the national capital territory act in 1992. The city has become the capital of Independent India in 1950 which was set on the both sides of River Yamuna. Delhi is seen as one of most developing city in the faster growing Nation. The city is divided into two sides i.e. Old Delhi and New Delhi. As Union Territory Delhi has 11 districts in which New Delhi is one of them. New Delhi is a reflection of modern India having beautiful VVIPs buildings, legislative homes and many diplomat zones whereas Old Delhi gives an incredible picture of traditional and historic monuments of India. It is spread over an area of 1483 sq. kilometers which is 216 meters above mean sea level. The city shares its boundary with two states – Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.    George V, Emperor of India during the Delhi Durbar of 1911 and founded the existence of many Victorian architecture. However, the durbar was built by Edward Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912. Delhi was the important place for the ruler to rule mainly in between 13th and 17th Centuries. During the time of Mahabharata it was the capital of Pandavas called as 'Indraprastha'.  During the regime of Shah Jahan the city was known as Shahjahanabad (presently known as 'Old Delhi'). It is said by some old people that Delhi was destroyed and rebuilt seven times.  The tram services introduced firstly in the capital city in 1903. Delhi is full of history so many historical monuments was built by many rulers for remembering their rule or pride. Some famous places in Delhi are Red Fort, Tuglaqabad Fort, Lotus Temple (also known as Bahai Temple), Qutab Minar (the world's tallest brick minaret), Humayun Tomb, Old Fort (Purana Qila), Jama Masjid, Jantar Mantar and Rashtrapati Bhavan.  Delhi had 14 entry and exit gates but now only five are existing named as Delhi Gate (Road to earlier cities of Delhi), Turkman Gate (Named after pious saint Hazrat Shah Turkam), Ajmeri Gate (facing Ajmer in Rajasthan) and Lahori Gate (facing Lahore in Pakistan, Kashmiri Gate (Pointing North to Kashmir). BEAUTIFUL ATTRACTIONS: The International Trade Fair - Chandni Chowk Old Delhi Dolls Museum National Science Centre The Ghats Rajpath & India Gate Crafts Museum Gandhi Darshan & Gandhi National Museum Dara Shikoh Library Forts and monuments - Red Fort Qutab Minar Humayun's Tomb Old Fort Safdarjung Tomb Jantar Mantar Places of worship - ISKCON Temple Chattarpur Mandir Jama Masjid The Bahai Temple Nizam-Ud-Din Shrine Lakshmi Narayan Temple Bangla Sahib Gurudwara Sisgunj Gurudwara Botanical gardens Rose Garden Lodhi Garden The Gardens Moghul Gardens The Zoo Museums Gandhi Darshan & Gandhi National Museum Dara Shikoh Library Dolls Museum National Science Centre National Rail Museum National Museum Museum of Natural History Nehru Museum & Planetorium

Agra

Agra is situated in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the River Yamuna, the city is synonymous with the Taj Mahal- one of the Seven Wonders of the World, renowned for its beauty and historical significance. Agra is located 206 km’s from the National capital New Delhi and is on the planned route of all travellers- domestic and international.   Apart from being an essential capital city to the Mughals during their rule, Agra is also mentioned in the Mahabharata, where it was referred as Agrevana- which meant "The Border of the Forest". It is believed that the city was discovered by Raja Badal Singh, a Rajput king, who’s fort Badalgarh, stood near the present city.   Sultan Sikandar Lodi was the first sovereign to shift his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1506 and his son Ibrahim Lodi, remained in power for the next nine years- finally was defeated by the first Mughal Babur, in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. Agra renowned as the capital of the Mughal Emperors from 1526 to 1658 and still remained one of the most visited tourist destinations in India all the credit goes to all the historic monuments present there. The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.   WHAT TO SEE:   Taj Mahal: Rudyard Kipling described it as 'the embodiment of all things pure' while poet Rabindranath Tagore described it as 'a teardrop on the cheek of eternity'. Every year, sightseers having more than twice the population of Agra pass through its gates to catch an once-in-a-lifetime glimpse of what is widely considered the most alluring building in the world.   The Taj was built by Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to their 14th child in 1631. The death of Mumtaz left the emperor so shattered that his hair is said to have turned grey virtually overnight. Manufacture of the Taj began the following year and, although the main building was thought to have been built in eight years, the whole monument was not completed until 1653. Not long after it was completed Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb and incarcerated in Agra Fort for the rest of his life, he could only look out at his creation through a window. After his death in 1666, Shah Jahan was buried there alongside Mumtaz.   Agra Fort: - Also known as “Red Fort”. With the Taj Mahal overshadowing it, one can easily overlook that Agra has one of the magnificent Mughal forts in India. Manufacture of the gigantic red-sandstone fort, on the bank of the Yamuna River, was started by Emperor Akbar in 1565.Further modifications were made particularly by his grandson Shah Jahan, using his favourite building substance – white marble. The fort was built initially as a military structure, but Shah Jahan converted it into a palace, and later it became his gilded prison for eight years after his son Aurangzeb snatched power in 1658.The ear-shaped fort’s huge double walls rise over 20m in height and measure 2.5 km in circumference. It contains a maze of buildings, forming a city inside a city, including massive underground sections, though many of the structures were demolished over the years by Nadir Shah, the Jats, the Marathas and finally the British, who used the fort as a garrison.   Mehtab Bagh: - This Park was originally built by Emperor Babur as the last in a series of 11 parks on the Yamuna’s east bank, long before the Taj was developed; fell into dilapidation until it was little more than a huge mound of sand. To safeguard the Taj from the destructive effects of the sand blown across the river, the park was remanufactured and is now one the best places from which to view the great memorial. The gardens in the Taj are perfectly arranged in line with the ones here, and the view of the Taj from the fountain directly in front of the entrance gate is a special one.    Kinari Bazaar: - The limited streets behind Jama Masjid are a crazy maze of over peopled lanes bursting with colourful markets. You can spend your leisure by taking a walk on streets and bazaars, but the area is commonly known as Kinari Bazaar as one most famous lanes fan out from Kinari Bazaar Road. You will find handicrafts, traditional clothes, spices, antique jewellery, snack stalls, marble work and what seems like 20 million other people. Samadhi Swamiji Maharaj Bagh: - It is simply known as Swami Bagh, this massive mausoleum which houses the tomb of Sri Shiv Dayal Singh Seth. The owner of the Radhaswami is of particular interest because it is still being made which is more than 80 years after it was initiated. Inside it there is a 1904 portrayal of what it should look like when completed. It should have a gold- latticed dome. For now, it’s a work-in-progress project being tackled by devotees. The design incorporates building styles from other major religions and includes some marvellously delicate floral sculptures. Taj Museum: - Inside the premises of the Taj complex on the western side of the gardens is the small but very beautiful Taj Museum. The museum displays Mughal miniature paintings, including a pair of splendid ivory paintings of Emperor Shah Jahan and his beloved wife Mumtaz. You will also find some very well preserved gold and silver coins dating from the same period and adding to it some architectural drawings of the Taj, and some agile celadon plates said to split into pieces or change colour if the food served on them contains poison.     Diwan-i-Am: - After entering the Red Fort and just before arriving at Moti Masjid, you will see a massive open Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audiences). This was used by Shah Jahan for domestic business and some features of throne room where the king listened to petitioners. In front of it, is the small and rather inappropriate grave of John Colvin, a lieutenant-governor of the Northwest Territory who died of a sickness in the fort during the 1857 First War of Independence?   Akbar’s Mausoleum: - This magnificent sandstone and marble tomb honour the greatest of the Mughal emperors. The vast courtyard is entered through a stunning entrance. It has three-storey minarets at each corner and is made of red sandstone strikingly ornamented with white-marble geometric designs.   Khas Mahal: - This splendid white-marble octagonal monument and palace is where Shah Jahan was incarcerated for eight years until his death in 1666, and from where he could stare at the Taj Mahal, the tomb of his wife. When he died, his body was taken from here by yacht to the Taj Mahal.   Chini-ka-Rauza: - The Persian-style riverside tomb of Afzal Khan, a poet who served as Shah Jahan’s chief minister, was manufactured between 1628 and 1639. Unusually visited, it is concealed away down a shady path of trees on the east bank of the Yamuna.   Museum:  On the western side of the Taj gardens, a very small museum housing original architectural drawings of the Taj skilful celadon plates, said to split into pieces or change colour if the food served on them contains poison.   Jehangir's Palace: - This huge splendid Jehangir’s Palace was built with red sandstone and probably manufactured by Akbar for his son Jehangir and named it after it only. It combines the Indian and Central Asian architectural styles and decorations on walls with wall printing. A reminder of the Mughals’ Afghani cultural roots would be seen here. Jama Masjid: - This is a furnished mosque which is built on the Kinari Bazaar by Shah Jahan’s daughter in 1648 AD. The main feature of marble patterning on its dome was done after it got connected to Agra Fort.